What is Ciprofloxacin: Dosage, Side Effects, Warnings

What is Ciprofloxacin: Dosage, Side Effects, Warnings

What is Ciprofloxacin


Ciprofloxacin is used to cure a variety of bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin belongs to a class of drugs called quinolone antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

Please if you have any questions about Ciprofloxacin, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

Dosage of Ciprofloxacin


CIPRO XR and ciprofloxacin immediate-release tablets are not interchangeable at all. Cipro XR should be administered orally once daily.

Symptoms of overdose


In the event of acute overdosage, reversible renal toxicity has been reported in some cases. Empty the stomach by inducing vomiting or by gastric lavage. Observe the patient carefully and give supportive treatment, including monitoring of renal function, urinary pH and acidify, if required, to prevent crystalluria and administration of magnesium, aluminum or calcium containing antacids, which can decrease the absorption of ciprofloxacin. Adequate hydration must be maintained. Only a small amount of ciprofloxacin (less than 10%) is removed from the body after hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.


Side effects of Ciprofloxacin


Nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, lightheadedness, headache, or trouble sleeping may happen. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible.
Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, like: unusual bruising/bleeding, signs of a new infection (such as new/persistent fever, persistent sore throat), signs of kidney problems (such as change in the amount of urine, red/pink urine), signs of liver problems (such as unusual tiredness, stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine).
Get medical help right away if you have any very serious side effects, including: severe dizziness, fainting, fast/irregular heartbeat.

This drug might rarely cause a severe intestinal condition (Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea) due to a type of resistant bacteria. This condition may happen during treatment or weeks to months after treatment has stopped. Tell your doctor right away if you develop: persistent diarrhea, abdominal or stomach pain/cramping, blood/mucus in your stool.
Do not use anti-diarrhea or opioid drugs if you have any of these symptoms because these products may make them worse.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Ciprofloxacin

Please if you have any questions about Ciprofloxacin, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.


Drugs that may interact to Ciprofloxacin


Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not include all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.
Some products that may interact with this drug include: "blood thinners" (such as acenocoumarol, warfarin), strontium.
Many drugs besides ciprofloxacin may affect the heart rhythm (QT prolongation), including amiodarone, dofetilide, quinidine, procainamide, sotalol, among others.
This drug can slow down the removal of other medications from your body, which may affect how they work. Examples of affected drugs include duloxetine, pirfenidone, tasimelteon, tizanidine, among others.
Avoid drinking large amounts of beverages containing caffeine (coffee, tea, colas), eating large amounts of chocolate, or taking over-the-counter products that contain caffeine. This drug may increase and/or prolong the effects of caffeine.
Although most antibiotics are unlikely to affect hormonal birth control such as pills, patch, or ring, a few antibiotics (such as rifampin, rifabutin) can decrease their effectiveness. This could result in pregnancy. If you use hormonal birth control, ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Some medicines can make ciprofloxacin much less usefull when taken at the same time. If you take any of the following medicines, take your dose 2 hours before or 6 hours after you take the other medicine.
the ulcer medicine sucralfate, or antacids that contain calcium, magnesium, or aluminum (such as Maalox, Milk of Magnesia, Mylanta, Pepcid Complete, Rolaids, Tums, and others);
didanosine (Videx) powder or chewable tablets;
lanthanum carbonate or sevelamer; or
vitamin or mineral supplements that contain calcium, iron, magnesium, or zinc.
Tell your doctor about all your other medicines, especially:
cyclosporine, methotrexate, metoclopramide, phenytoin, probenecid, ropinirole, sildenafil, or theophylline;
a blood thinner (warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven);
a diuretic or "water pill";
heart rhythm medication;
insulin or oral diabetes medicine (check your blood sugar regularly);
medicine to treat depression or mental illness;
steroid medicine (such as prednisone); or
NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugsa>) - ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib, diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, and others.


Can you use this drug while pregnancy?


Doctors suggest that should not use this antibiotic if you are pregnant or breastfeeding because they do not know if it is safe and nothing happens.

Warnings of Ciprofloxacin


Before taking ciprofloxacin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other quinolone antibiotics such as norfloxacin, gemifloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, or ofloxacin; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this drug, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: diabetes, heart problems (such as recent heart attack), joint/tendon problems (such as tendonitis, bursitis), kidney disease, liver disease, mental/mood disorders (such as depression), myasthenia gravis, nerve problems (such as peripheral neuropathy), seizures, conditions that increase your risk of seizures (such as brain/head injury, brain tumors, cerebral atherosclerosis).
Ciprofloxacin may cause a situation that affects the heart rhythm (QT prolongation). QT prolongation can rarely cause serious (rarely fatal) fast/irregular heartbeat and other symptoms (such as severe dizziness, fainting) that need medical attention right away.

Ciprofloxacin

Please if you have any questions about Ciprofloxacin, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

Add comment

Your message is required.