What is Azithromycin: How to Take, Side Effects, Dosage

What is Azithromycin: How to Take, Side Effects, Dosage

What is Azithromycin

Azithromycin is an antibiotic that is the generic name for a prescription drug available as Zithromax, Zmax, and Z-Pak and fights bacteria. It is effective against a wide variety of bacteria such as Hemophilus influenzae, pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, mycobacterium avium, and many others.
The antibiotic drug is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria, such as respiratory infections, skin infections, ear infections, throat or tonsil infections, cat-scratch disease, bronchitis, sinusitis, community acquired pneumonia, some cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and whooping cough (pertussis).
Azithromycin may be prescribed for genital infections and sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea, infections of the urethra or cervix, genital ulcers, and severe pelvic inflammatory disease.
It should not be used to treat infections caused by viruses, such as the common cold. Azithromycin may be used in combination with other antibiotics when it’s used to treat mycobacterium avium complex infection.

Please if you have any question about Azithromycin, you can contact us in comments and take our free recommendations. 

How to take azithromycin

The dosage, drug form, and how often taking of the drug will depend on: the age, the condition being treated, severity of the condition, other medical conditions, reacting to the first dose.
Use this medicine for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Skipping doses may also increase your risk of further infection that is resistant to antibiotics. Azithromycin will not treat a viral infection such as the flu or a common cold.
You may take most forms of azithromycin with or without food.
 Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. 
The dose and length of treatment may not be the same for every type of infection. 
Use Zmax extended release liquid (oral suspension) on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal.
For using the oral suspension single dose packet: Open the packet and pour the medicine into 2 ounces of water. Stir this mixture and drink all of it right away. Do not save for later use. Throw away any mixed Zmax oral suspension that has not been used within 12 hours. To make sure you get the entire dose, add a little more water to the same glass, swirl gently and drink right away, Shake the oral suspension (liquid) well just before you measure a dose.

Dosage of Azithromycin

Dosage of this drug differs for different illnesses 
Bronchitis: For Adults ages of 18 years and older typical dosage is 500 mg once per day for three days. Your doctor may also prescribe 500 mg taken as a single dose on day 1, followed by 250 mg once per day on days 2 through 5.
Sinusitis: for adults ages of 18 years and older typical dosage is to take 500 mg once per day for three days. For Children ages of 6 months to 17 years typical dosage is 10 mg/kg of body weight once per day for three days.
This drug should not be used in children who are younger than 6 months.
Skin and skin structure infections: For adults ages of 18 years and older doctors may prescribe 500 mg taken in a single dose on day 1, followed by 250 mg once per day on days 2 through 5.
Urethritis and cervicitis: for adults ages of 18 years and older if the infection isn’t caused by gonorrhea, typically taking a single 1-gram dose is recommended. While treating a symptom of a gonorrhea infection, taking a single 2-gram dose is prescribed.
Genital ulcer disease: for adults ages of 18 years and older typically a single 1-gram dose is prescribed.
Acute middle ear infection: For Children ages of 6 months to 17 years the typical dosage is 30 mg/kg of body weight taken as a single dose. The doctor may also prescribe 10 mg/kg of body weight on day 1, followed by 5 mg/kg per day on days 2 through 5.
This drug should not be used in children who are younger than 6 months.
Community-acquired pneumonia: for adults ages of 18 years and older typically doctors may prescribe 500 mg in a single dose on day 1, followed by 250 mg once per day on days 2 through 5.
For Children ages of 6 months to 17 years typical dosage is taking 10 mg/kg of body weight in a single dose on day 1. Then they take 5 mg/kg once per day on days 2 through 5.
This drug should not be used in children who are younger than 6 months.
Mycobacterium avium complex disease: for adult's ages of 18 years and older typical dosage is 600 mg once per day, taken with the drug ethambutol.
For prevention, typical dosage is 1,200 mg once per week.
 pharyngitis or tonsillitis: for adult's ages of 18 years and older the doctors may prescribe 500 mg in a single dose on day 1, followed by 250 mg once per day on days 2 through 5.
For Children ages of 6 months to 17 years the typical dosage is 12 mg/kg of body weight once per day for five days.
This drug should not be used for this condition in children who are younger than 2 years.

Please if you have any question about Azithromycin, you can contact us in comments and take our free recommendations. 

Side effects of Azithromycin


Some of the side effects of Azithromycin are mentioned here that in case of Persistence of these effects, you should tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. The side effects are including:

  • Stomach upset, 
  • diarrhea/loose stools, 
  • nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain may
  • ,hearing changes (such as decreased hearing, deafness), 
  • eye problems (such as drooping eyelids, blurred vision),
  • difficulty speaking/swallowing, 
  • muscle weakness, 
  • signs of liver problems (such as unusual tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, 
  • severe stomach/abdominal pain, 
  • yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine),
  • irregular heartbeat,
  • severe dizziness,
  • fainting, 
  • oral thrush or a new yeast infection,
  • Change in vaginal discharge, or other new symptoms.
  • persistent diarrhea,
  • abdominal or stomach pain/cramping,
  • blood/mucus in your stool.
  • white patches in your mouth
  • fever that doesn't go away,
  • new or worsening lymph node swelling,
  • rash, 
  • itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat),
  • severe dizziness, 
  • trouble breathing

Rarely a severe intestinal condition (Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea) due to a resistant bacteria may happen that may occur during treatment or weeks to months after treatment has stopped, a 
An allergic reaction to this medication may return even if you stop the drug. If you have an allergic reaction, continue to watch for any of the above symptoms for several days after your last dose.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Warnings of Azithromycin

Azithromycin, can cause diarrhea. It may cause mild diarrhea to severe inflammation of your colon, which can cause death. In case you have severe diarrhea or diarrhea that lasts after you stop taking this drug.
Azithromycin may cause liver problems. In case you already have liver disease, it could make your liver function worse.
Do not take that contain aluminum or magnesium within 2 hours before or after you take azithromycin including Acid Gone, Aldroxicon, Alternagel, Di-Gel, Gaviscon, Gelusil, Genaton, Maalox, Maldroxal, Milk of Magnesia, Mintox, Mylagen, Mylanta, Pepcid Complete, Rolaids and Rulox, because These antacids can make azithromycin less effective when taken at the same time.
Don’t take this drug again if you’ve ever had an allergic reaction to it. Taking it again could be fatal (cause death).
While using Azithromycin avoid exposure to sunlight or tanning beds, because it can make you sunburn more easily. 
Azithromycin may interact with:
There are 438 dugs and 4 Disease that may interact with Azithromycin. From these drugs there are 68 major drug interactions (175 brand and generic names), 336 moderate drug interactions (1666 brand and generic names) and 34 minor drug interactions (123 brand and generic names). These following drugs maybe important to mention; Nelfinavir. Taking this drug with azithromycin may cause liver or hearing problems. Your doctor will monitor you for these side effects. Warfarin. Taking this drug with azithromycin may increase bleeding. Your doctor will monitor you closely if you take these drugs together. And there are possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking.
Azithromycin may not be safe for:
People with a history of abnormal heart rhythm, myasthenia gravis, liver disease, kidney disease; low levels of potassium in your blood; or long QT syndrome (in you or a family member).
Pregnant women
Women who are breastfeeding.

Please if you have any question about Azithromycin, you can contact us in comments and take our free recommendations. 

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