Methylphenidate for ADHD

Methylphenidate for ADHD

What is Methylphenidate?

This medicine is used to treat ADHD. This is done by changing specific amounts of natural materials in the brain. Methylphenidate belongs to a group of drugs known as stimulants. This can help increase your ability to focus, focus on activities, and control behavior problems. It may also help you organize your tasks and improve your listening skills. It is also used to treat certain sleep disorders (narcoplepia). Ditrana is a patch-based matrix based therapy system used for healthy skin. The chemical name methylphenidate methyl ester is α-phenyl-2-piperidineacetic acid. It is a white to white powder and soluble in alcohol, ethyl acetate and ether. Methylphenidate is generally insoluble in water and gasoline ether. Its molecular weight is 233.31. Its empirical formula is C14H19NO2.Methylphenidate is the stimulant of the central nervous system. It affects the nerves and nerves, which helps to control hyperactivity and inactivity.

Methylphenidate is used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and narcolepsy.

Methylphenidate can also be used for the purposes not listed in this drug guide.

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How to use Methylphenidate?

To avoid sleep problems, take this drug at morning.

Some brands of methylphenidate should be taken at least 30 minutes before food. Released methylphenidate can be taken with or without food. Follow the instructions for your drug label

Take this medication exactly as told by your doctor, usually 2 or 3 times a day. This drug is the best time to take 30 to 45 minutes before a meal. However, if you have a stomach upset, you may take this medicine with or after a meal or snack. Taking this drug at the end of the day may cause drowsiness (insomnia).

Use this medication regularly to get the most out of it. To help you remember, take it every day at the same time.

Breaking the pill may cause more than one drug to be released at a time.

For eating convenience, you may open the capsule and sprinkle it with a tablespoon of pudding or potatoes. Do not swallow without chewing the mixture later.

Chewable pills should chew before you swallow it.

Dosage of Methylphenidate

The dose is based on your medical situation and response to treatment. Your doctor may lead you to gradually increase or decrease your dose. Also, if you have used it for a long time, do not use this medicine suddenly without consulting your doctor.

Adult daily intake for attention deficit disorder:

Rapid release tablets including boiling pills (Ritalin, methylene, methylphenidate):

Initial dose: 10 mg orally 2 or 3 times a day, preferably 30 to 45 minutes before breakfast and lunch, and a third dose between 2 and 4 PM, if necessary. For sleep deprivation when taking methylphenidate, the last dose should be taken before 6 am.

Maintenance dose: The dosage is increased every week by increasing from 5 to 10 mg to a maximum of 60 mg per day. In some patients, 10 to 15 mg per day may be sufficient. For sleep deprivation when taking methylphenidate, the last dose should be taken before 6 am.

Symptoms of over dose 

Symptoms of acute methylphenidate over dosage, mainly due to over excitation of the CNS and excessive sympathetic effects, may include vomiting, tremor, vaporization, hyperreflexia, muscle wasting, seizures (may be followed by coma), Confusion, confusion, tumors, courage, sweating, blush, headache, heparicemia, tachycardia, spleen, cardiac arrhythmia, hypertension, mydrisis, dryness of mucous membranes and rhabdomyolysis. Excessive consumption of methylphenidate can be fatal.


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Side effects of Methylphenidate

Nervousness, low sleep, loss of appetite, weight loss, dizziness, nausea, vomiting or headache may occur. If any of these effects persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor prescribed this drug because he has judged your benefits are greater than the risk of side effects. Many people with this drug do not have serious side effects.

In the event that these occur, get medical care:

Symptoms of heart problems - Chest pain, difficulty breathing, feeling like you may pass;

Symptoms of psychotherapy - illusions (seeing or hearing things that are not real), new behavioral problems, rape, hostility, paranoia;

Symptoms of circulatory problems - numbness, pain, cold feelings, unknown ulcers or changes in skin color (pale, red, or blue) in your fingers or toes;


muscle twitches (tics);

Change in your sight; or

An erection of the penis that is painful, or 4 hours or more (rare).

Methylphenidate can affect the growth of children. Tell your doctor if you are taking this medicine, if your child does not grow normally.

Common side effects may include:

Mood changes, feeling nervous or irritable, sleep problems (insomnia);

Heart rate, high blood pressure;

Loss of appetite, weight loss;

Nausea, stomachache; or


This list is not the full list of side effects and others may occur.

Drugs that may interact with Methylphenidate

Taking MAO inhibitors with this drug may cause a serious (possibly fatal) drug interaction. Avoid taking MAO inhibitors (isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, safinamide, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine) during treatment with this drug. Most MAO inhibitors should also not be taken for two weeks before treatment with this medication.

Ask your doctor before using a stomach acid medicine (including Alka-Seltzer or sodium bicarbonate). Some of these medicines can change the way your body absorbs methylphenidate, and may increase side effects. Ask your doctor when to start or stop taking this medication.

For whom Methylphenidate might not be safe

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking methylphenidate if you are allergic to it, or to dexamethyphenidate; or if you have allergy. This product may contain inactive substances that cause allergic reactions and other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more information.

Before taking this medicine, your doctor or pharmacist may have a history of your illness, in particular: high blood pressure, circulatory problems (such as rhyodynamic disease), glaucoma, heart problems (such as irregular heartbeat, heart failure, stroke, Heart problems, heart problems), family history of heart problems (such as sudden death of the heart, irregular heartbeat), mental / mental conditions (especially anxiety, tension, anxiety), family history of disorders / mood (such as bipolar disorder, depression , Irritable bowel syndrome, suicidal thoughts), family / family history of uncontrollable movements (motor muscle, Tourette's syndrome), thyroid (D) too much (hyperthyroidism), seizure disorder.

If you have taken an MAO inhibitor within the past 14 days, do not use methylphenidate. Dangerous drug interactions may occur. MAO inhibitors include Isocarboccide, Linzolide, Methylene Blue Infusion, Phenzelin, Razgali, Selegiline, Tranylcypromine and others.

You should not use methylphenidate if you are allergic or if you have:


Family history of a person or family (sharp muscle) or a syndrome of the Torah; or

Severe anxiety, tension or irritation (stimulant drugs can make these symptoms worse).

It causes stroke, heart attack and sudden death in certain people. Tell your doctor if you:

Heart problems or congenital heart defects.

High blood pressure; or

Family history of heart disease or sudden death.

To make sure this medicine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you or anyone in your family is:

Depression, mental illness, bipolar disorder, psychotherapy or thoughts or suicides;

Motor tick (muscle skeletal) or torot syndrome;

Circulatory problems in the hands or feet;

Seizure or epilepsy;

The problems of esophagus, stomach or intestine;

Abnormal brain test (EEG); or

Drug or alcohol history

Elderly adults may be more susceptible to side effects, especially low sleep, weight loss or chest pain.

In pregnancy, methylphenidate is only used if needed. Talk with your doctor about the dangers and benefits of the drug.

Warnings of Methylphenidate

If taken for a long time, this medication may affect the growth, weight, and growth of the adult child. To reduce the risk, the doctor may recommend short-term stopping the drug from time to time. Check your baby's weight and height regularly and consult your doctor or pharmacist for details.


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