What is Lithium: Side Effects, Dosage, How to use

What is Lithium: Side Effects, Dosage, How to use

What is Lithium?

Lithium is used to treat diseases caused by bipolar disorder (Manic Depression). Manic symptoms include hyperactivity, urgent speech, poor judgment, reduced sleep need, aggression and anger. It affects sodium flow through nerve and muscle cells in the body. Sodium stimulates mania.

Lithium also helps to prevent or reduce the severity of the parts of the manic.

Lithium is indicated for the treatment of bipolar disorder.

Lithium is under the brand name of the following brands: Eskalith and Lithobid.

Studies show that lithium can significantly reduce the risk of suicide. Lithium also helps prevent manic events and depression.

As a result, it may be prescribed as a preservative for long periods (even between periods).

Please if you have any questions about Lithium, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

How to use Lithium?

Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Drink extra fluids to keep from getting dehydrated while you are taking this medication. Swallow the pill whole.

Spread the entire tablet and do not spray it, do not chew or wash it. Measure the drug fluid carefully. Use the supplied syringe dose, or use the dosage of the medication (not a kitchen spoon).

Dosage of Lithium

Adult Lithium Dose for Mania:

Acute control

Normal dose: 1800 mg per day

Formulation: 900 mg oral morning and night

Free Formulation: 600 mg three times a day, morning, afternoon and night

Long term control:

Maintenance dose: 900 to 1200 mg per day

Formulated release: 600 mg oral morning and night

Formulation free of charge: 300 mg orally 3 to 4 times a day

Comments:

The dose should be based on the serum level and the response to treatment.

The dosage of the drug is 600 mg three times daily (acute control) and 300 mg three to four times a day (long-term control).

Lithium uses

Treatment of Manic Decline Bipolar Disorder

Preservative treatment for people with bipolar disorder

Adult adult lithium dose for bipolar disorder:

Acute control

Normal dose: 1800 mg per day

Formulation: 900 mg oral morning and night

Free Formulation: 600 mg three times a day, morning, afternoon and night

Long term control:

Maintenance dose: 900 to 1200 mg per day

Formulated release: 600 mg oral morning and night

Formulation free of charge: 300 mg orally 3 to 4 times a day

Comments:

The dose should be based on the serum level and the response to treatment.

The dosage of the drug is 600 mg three times daily (acute control) and 300 mg three to four times a day (long-term control).

Uses:

Treatment of Manic Decline Bipolar Disorder

Preservative treatment for people with bipolar disorder

The usual amount of lithium children for mania:

12 years and older:

Acute control

Normal dose: 1800 mg per day

Formulation: 900 mg oral morning and night

Free Formulation: 600 mg three times a day, morning, afternoon and night

Long term control:

Maintenance dose: 900 to 1200 mg per day

Formulated release: 600 mg oral morning and night

Formulation free of charge: 300 mg orally 3 to 4 times a day

Comments:

The dose should be based on the serum level and the response to treatment.

The dosage of the drug is 600 mg three times daily (acute control) and 300 mg three to four times a day (long-term control).

The preservative treatment reduces the frequency of the manic parts and reduces the severity of the parts.

Uses:

Treatment of Manic Decline Bipolar Disorder

Preservative treatment for people with bipolar disorder

Common doses of lithium for bipolar disorder:

12 years and older:

Acute control

Normal dose: 1800 mg per day

Formulation: 900 mg oral morning and night

Free Formulation: 600 mg three times a day, morning, afternoon and night

Long term control:

Maintenance dose: 900 to 1200 mg per day

Formulated release: 600 mg oral morning and night

Formulation free of charge: 300 mg orally 3 to 4 times a day

Comments:

The dose should be based on the serum level and the response to treatment.

The dosage of the drug is 600 mg three times daily (acute control) and 300 mg three to four times a day (long-term control).

The preservative treatment reduces the frequency of the manic parts and reduces the severity of the parts.

Uses:

Treatment of Manic Decline Bipolar Disorder

Preservative treatment for people with bipolar disorder

Symptoms of over dose

Early signs of lithium toxicity include vomiting, tremor, diarrhea, loss of balance or coordination, sleepiness, or muscle weakness.

Lithium

Please if you have any questions about Lithium, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

Side effects of Lithium

In the case that you have the following effects, make sure to get medical help:

A feeling of dizziness, like you, may disappear;

Irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath;

Fever, increased thirst or urination

Weakness, dizziness or swelling;

Confusion, memory problems, hallucinations;

Uncontrollable muscle movements, rough lectures;

Loss of intestinal or bladder control

Seizure (choking or seizure);

Signs of dehydration - feeling very thirsty or hot, not having to urinate, sweating, or warm and dry skin. Or

Increased intracranial pressure - severe headache, ringing in the ear, dizziness, nausea, vision problems, back pain.

In the event of symptoms of serotonin syndrome, tell your doctor if you have symptoms of serotonin syndrome, including: irritation, hallucinations, fever, sweating, chills, fast heart rate, muscle stiffness, shaking, coordination, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea. See.

Common side effects of lithium may include:

Drowsiness

Shake in your hands;

Dry mouth, increased thirst or urination;

Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach ache;

Change in your skin or hair;

Feel cool or change the color on your fingers or toes;

Feeling uncomfortable; or

Impotence, loss of interest in sex.

This list is not full of side effects and others may occur.

Side effects associating with lithium are:

Increased white blood cell count (leukocytosis) (most patients)

Increased urination

Excess thirst

Dry mouth

Hand tremor (45% initially, 10% after 1 year of treatment)

Confusion

Decreased memory

Headache

Muscle weakness (30% initially, 1% after 1 year of treatment)

Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (10-30% initially, 1-10% after 1-2 years of treatment)

Overactive reflexes

Muscle twitch

Spinning sensation (vertigo)

Less common side effects of lithium include:

Extrapyramidal symptoms (i.e., muscle spasms, restlessness, slowness of movement, tremor, and irregular/jerky movements)

Goiter

Hypothyroidism

Acne

Hair thinning

Other side effects of lithium include:

Coma

Lethargy

Seizures

Renal toxicity

This document does not contain the list of all possible side effects and others may occur.

Drugs that may interact with Lithium

Tell your doctor about all your current medicines. Many drugs can interact with lithium, especially:

A diuretic or "water pill";

Fluoxetine (Prozac);

Metronidazole;

Potassium iodide thyroid medication;

Heart or blood pressure medication;

Seizure medicine; or

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib, diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, and others.

This list is not complete and many other drugs may interact with lithium.

Severe Interactions of lithium include:

None

Lithium has serious interactions with at least 75 different drugs.

Azilsartan

Candesartan

Desvenlafaxine

Eprosartan

Irbesartan

Isocarboxazid

Linezolid

Lorcaserin

Losartan

Mefloquine

Olmesartan

Phenalgine

Procarbazine

Sacubitril /valsartan

Sodium phosphate rectal

Telmisartan

Tranylcypromine

Valsartan

Vilazodone

Vortioxetine

Lithium has mild interactions with at least 64 different drugs.

Lithium has moderate interactions with at least 134 different drugs.

This information does not contain all possible interactions or adverse effects.

For whom this drug might not be safe

If you have ever had any of the following list,tell your doctor:

Abnormal electrocardiography or ECG (sometimes referred to as EKG);

Choking storm;

Family history of death before age 45;

Kidney disease;

Heart disease;

A debilitating illness

Thyroid disorder;

Low levels of sodium in your blood; Or

If you are dehydrated.

Use Lithium while pregnancy

Lithium passes through the placenta and is associated with fetal toxicity. Children born with lithium in pregnancy increase the risk of goiter and heart failure. If possible, lithium should be stored in the first trimester. Fertility women who may need lithium should be informed about pregnancy.

Warnings of Lithium

Toxicity depends on the concentration of lithium in the serum and may be present at doses close to the therapeutic levels. Monitor the treatment by measuring serum lithium

The suggested features should be identified prior to the onset of treatment to provide accurate and accurate serum lithium information.

Keep out of reach of children. In case of malnutrition, seek medical help or immediately contact the venereal control center

This drug contains lithium. If you do not use a skeletal or a lipid, you may have lithiasis or any substance containing this medication.

All formulations should be kept at room temperature, 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F).

Lithium

Please if you have any questions about Lithium, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

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