What is Lorazepam: Side Effects, How to use, Dosage

What is Lorazepam: Side Effects, How to use, Dosage

What is Lorazepam

Lorazepam is used to treat anxiety disorders.

Lorazepam belongs to a group of benzodiazepine medications. These chemicals affect the brain, which may be inappropriate in people with anxiety. Ativan (lorazepam), an antianxiety agent, has the chemical formula, 7-chloro-5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1, 3- dihydro-3-hydroxy-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one.

This almost white powder is almost insoluble in water. Each oral Ativan tablet (lorazepam) contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg or 2 mg of lorazepam. Inactive materials include lactose monohydrate, magnesium acetic acid, microcrystalline cellulose and plasilylcyclicle.

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How to use Lorazepam?

Take the liquid medicine with a syringe dose, or with a special spoon for a dose or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Although it helps many people, this drug sometimes causes addiction. This risk may be higher if you have a drug problem (such as overdose or drug / alcohol abuse). Take this medicine exactly as it is prescribed to reduce the risk of addiction. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for details.

Suddenly do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may get worse when the drug suddenly stops. You may need to reduce your dose gradually.

This may not be the case when it is used for a long time. Talk to your doctor if this medicine works well.

Dosage of Lorazepam

 For anxiety, most patients require an initial dose of 2 to 3 mg per day according to b.i.d. Or t.i.d.

Ativan (lorazepam) is orally injected. For optimal results, the dose, frequency of injection and the duration of treatment should be individualized according to the patient's response. To facilitate this, 0.5 mg, 1 mg and 2 mg tablets are available.

The usual range of 2 to 6 mg per day is divided into doses, the largest dose before bed, but the daily dose may vary from 1 to 10 mg per day.

The dose of Ativan (lorazepam) should be gradually increased if needed to help prevent side effects. When a higher dose is shown, the nocturnal dose should be increased before doses of the day.

For insomnia caused by temporary anxiety or temporary stress, daily doses of 2 to 4 mg may be given, usually at bedtime.

For elderly or missing patients, an initial dose of 1 to 2 mg per day is recommended in divided doses, which is adjusted as needed and tolerable.

Usual Adult Dose of Lorazepam for Anxiety:

Initial dose: 2 to 3 mg orally per day administered 2 to 3 times per day

Maintenance dose: 1 to 2 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day

Usual Adult Dose for Light Anesthesia:

IM: 0.05 mg/kg up to a maximum of 4 mg

IV: 2 mg total, or 0.044 mg/kg, whichever is smaller

Usual Adult Dose for Status Epilepticus:

0.1 mg/kg IV up to 4 mg per dose; may repeat in 5 to 10 minutes

Maximum dose: 8 mg

Usual Adult Dose for Insomnia:

2 to 4 mg orally administered at bedtime

Usual Geriatric Dose for Anxiety:

Elderly or debilitated patients:

1 to 2 mg orally per day in divided doses

Usual Pediatric Dose for Anxiety:

12 years or older:

Initial dose: 2 to 3 mg orally per day administered 2 to 3 times per day

Maintenance dose: 1 to 2 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day

Usual Pediatric Dose for Insomnia:

12 years or older:

2 to 4 mg orally administered at bedtime

Use: Management of insomnia

Symptoms of over dose

An overdose of lorazepam could be fatal. Overdose symptoms might include extreme drowsiness, muscle weakness, confusion, loss of balance or coordination, feeling light-headed, and fainting.


Side effects of Lorazepam

In the event that you have following symptoms, call your doctor:

Severe drowsiness;

Suicidal thoughts or hurt yourself;

Abnormal changes in behavior or behavior;

Confusion, aggression, illusion.

Sleep problems worsen

Sudden or sudden excitement;

Muscle weakness, eyelids, swallowing difficulty.

Visibility changes or

Stomach pain above the head, dark urine, jaundice (yellow skin or eyes).

The usual side effects of lorazepam may include:

Dizziness, drowsiness;


Unparalleled speech, imbalance or harmony;

Memory problems; or

Feeling insecure

This list is not the full list of side effects and others may occur.

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Drugs that may interact with Lorazepam

Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using, especially:

Any other medicines to treat anxiety;

aminophylline or theophylline;


A barbiturate such as phenobarbital;

An antidepressant, or medicine to treat mental illness;

Narcotic pain medicine;

Seizure medicine; or

Medicine that contains an antihistamine (such as sleep medicine, cold or allergy medicine).

For whom this drug might not be safe

If you have lorazepam, do not eat:

Angular glaucoma;

Myasthenia Graves; or

History of allergic reaction to any benzodiazepine, such as diazepam (valem), chlordiazepoxide, clonazepam, fluorazepam, and other cases.

Tell your doctor about the following symptoms if you want to make sure that lorazepam is safe for you.

Seizure or epilepsy;

Kidney or liver disease (especially alcoholic liver disease);

Open angle glaucoma

Asthma or other respiratory disorders

History of depression or suicidal thoughts or behavior;

History of drug use or alcohol or alcohol

If you use narcotic drugs.

The sedative effects of lorazepam are prolonged in older people. Random abortions are common in older patients taking benzodiazepines. When using lorazepam, use retention to prevent accidental loss or damage. Lخrazepam is not recommended for people under the age of 18 years.

Can you use Lorazepam while pregnancy?

Do not use lorazepam if you are pregnant. This drug can cause congenital defects or signs in a newborn child.

Do not use lorazepam if you are pregnant.  This can lead to early discharge symptoms in the baby after delivery. This drug can cause congenital defects. Your child can also be drug dependent. Babies born with habitual medicine may require medical treatment for several weeks. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or intend to have a pregnancy. When taking lorazepam, use effective birth control to prevent pregnancy.

Warnings of Lorazepam

This drug may cause dizziness or drowsiness or disrupt your vision. Alcohol or marijuana can cause your dizziness or sleepiness. Do not drive, use machines, or do anything that requires calm or sight until you can safely do it. Avoid alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you use marijuana.

Before your surgery, tell your doctor or dentist all the products you are using (including prescription drugs, over-the-counter prescriptions, and herbal products).

Children may not experience anxiety relief with lorazepam. This may have an opposite effect on children, causing symptoms such as irritation, shaking or illusion.

Elderly adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially the loss of coordination and sleepiness. Also, the elderly may not experience anxiety relief with lorazepam. It may have a different effect on the elderly, causing symptoms such as mental / mental changes, sleep problems, increased sexual interest, or illusions. Loss of coordination, sleepiness and sleep problems may increase the risk of falling.


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