What is Valium: Side Effects, Dosage, How to use

What is Valium: Side Effects, Dosage, How to use

What is Valium

Valium is used to treat anxiety disorders, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, or muscle spasm.

Valium (Diazepam) is a benzodiazepine (benzene-diaze-eh-peen). Diazepam affects the brain chemicals that may be unbalanced in people who are anxious. The empirical formula is C16H13ClN2O and the molecular weight is 284.75.

Valium (diazepam) is a benzodiazepine derivative. The chemical name of diazepam is 7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin- 2-one. It is a colorless to light yellow crystalline compound, insoluble in water.

Valium is sometimes used with other medicines to treat seizures.

Please if you have any questions about Valium, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

How to use Valium?

Valium should be used for a short time. Do not take this medication for more than 4 months without consulting your doctor.

Take the liquid medicine with a syringe dose, or with a special spoon for a dose or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Suddenly do not stop using valium, or may increase seizures or unpleasant symptoms. Ask your doctor how to stop this medicine safely.

If you feel that this medicine does not work normally or if you think you need to use excessive amounts, contact your doctor at all times.

When using this drug, you may need to have frequent blood tests in your doctor's office.

Take the medicine in your mouth or without food, as directed by your doctor.

If you use this form of liquid, carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device. Do not use a spoon because you may not have a proper dose.

If you are using a concentrated solution, use a catheter and mix the dose with a small amount of liquid or soft material (such as potatoes, puddings). Remove all mixture immediately. Do not save the mixture for future use.

Dosage of Valium

The dosage should be useful for maximum beneficial effects. While the usual daily doses meet the needs of most patients, some people may need higher doses. In such cases, the dose should be increased to avoid side effects.

Symptoms of over dose 

Excessive consumption of benzodiazepines is commonly caused by depression of the central nervous system from sleepiness to the waist.

In mild cases, symptoms include drowsiness, confusion and numbness. In more serious cases, symptoms may include ataxia, hypotension, decreased reflexes, hypertension, respiratory depression, coma (rarely) and death (very low). Over-consumption of benzodiazepines in combination with other CNS depression (including alcohol) may be fatal and should be closely monitored.

Side effects of Valium

In the case that following symptoms occur, make sure you call your doctor:

Weak or shallow breathing;

Severe drowsiness, feeling like you might pass;

Depressed mood, suicidal thoughts or self harm;

Confusion, illusions;

Anxiety, panic attacks, sleepy;

Hyperactivity, agitation, aggression, hostility;

Unusual risk behavior; or

New seizures or worsening.

The sedative effects of diazepam are taken in the elderly. Random abortions are common in older patients taking benzodiazepines. Caution should be exercised when using this medication.

Common side effects of valium may include:


feeling exhausted

Muscle weakness; or

Losing coordination

This list is not the full list of side effects and others may occur.

Please if you have any questions about Valium, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.


Drugs that may interact with Valium

Taking Valium with other medicines that make you sleepy or slow your breathing can cause dangerous side effects or death. Consult your doctor before taking a sleeping pill, prescription cough medicine, opioid pain medicine, a muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures.

Other drugs may interact with diazepam, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all your current drugs and any medicine you start or stop using.

Centrally Acting Agents

If Valium is to be mixed with other centrally acting agents, careful consideration should be given to the pharmacology of the agents employed particularly with compounds that may potentiate or be potentiated by the action of Valium, such as phenothiazine's, antipsychotics, anxiolytics/sedatives, anticonvulsants, hypnotics, narcotic analgesics, anesthetics, sedative antihistamines, narcotics, barbiturates, MAO inhibitors and other antidepressants.

Compounds Which Inhibit Certain Hepatic Enzymes

There is a potentially relevant interaction between diazepam and compounds which inhibit certain hepatic enzymes (particularly cytochrome P450 3A and 2C19). Data prove that these compounds influence the pharmacokinetics of diazepam and may lead to increased and prolonged sedation.


Concomitant use with alcohol is not suggested due to enhancement of the sedative effect.


There have also been documents that the metabolic elimination of phenytoin is decreased by diazepam.

For whom Valium might not be safe

If you are allergic to diazepam or other medicines (Klonopin, Xanax, and others), you should not use Valium, or if you:

myasthenia gravis (muscle weakness);

A severe respiratory problem

Heavy liver disease

Sleep apnea (breathing stops during sleep); or

Alcohol and drug addiction to diazepam.

To ensure that Valium is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have any of these:


Asthma, Emphysema, Bronchitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) or other respiratory problems.

Kidney or liver disease;

Epilepsy or other seizure disorders;

Drug or alcohol addiction; or

Mental illness, depression, or thoughts of suicide or behavior.

Do not start or use Valium during pregnancy while treating seizures without consulting your doctor. Diazepam may cause harm to a baby's baby, but having seizures during pregnancy can damage the mother and the baby. Tell your doctor immediately if you have an accident while taking Valium for seizures.

For some children, instead of having a sedative effect, diazepam may have an opposite effect, it causes mental / mood changes (such as irritation, hallucination, restlessness).

Elderly adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of this drug, especially the drowsiness and loss of coordination. These side effects can increase the risk of falling. For some elderly people, instead of sedation, diazepam may have a different effect and cause mental / mood changes (such as irritation, delusions, boredom).

Valium while pregnancy

While treating anxiety, alcohol retention or muscle spasm: Your baby may be addicted to drugs if taken this drug during pregnancy. This can lead to early discharge symptoms in the baby after delivery. Babies born with habitual medicine may require medical treatment for several weeks. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or intend to have a pregnancy.

Warnings of Valium

If valium is mixed with other psychotropic drugs or anticonvulsants, much attention should be paid to the drugs used in the medications used, particularly those known to enhance the activity of diazepam, such as phenothiazine's, drugs, barbiturates, MAO inhibitors and other antidepressants.

Routine precautions may be necessary for severe depressive patients or those who have evidence of depression or anxiety associated with depression, in particular the recognition that suicidal ideation may be present.


Please if you have any questions about Valium, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

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