What is Atorvastatin: Side Effects, Dosage and How to Take

What is Atorvastatin: Side Effects, Dosage and How to Take

What is atorvastatin

Atorvastatin is drug that reduces inhibitors, or "statins." and reduces levels of "bad" cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein, or LDL) and triglycerides in the blood. Atorvastatin is used to treat high cholesterol, and to lower the risk of stroke, heart attack, or other heart complications in people with type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, or other risk factors.

It belongs to a group of drugs known as "statins." It works by reducing the amount of cholesterol made by the liver.

This medicine may help prevent medical problems (e.g., chest pain, heart attack, or stroke) that are caused by fats clogging the blood vessels. It may also be used to prevent certain types of heart and blood vessel problems in patients with risk factors for heart problems. Atorvastatin is used in adults and children who are at least 10 years old.

In addition to eating a proper diet (such as a low-cholesterol/low-fat diet), other lifestyle changes that may help this medication work better include exercising, losing weight if overweight, and stopping smoking. Consult your doctor for more details.

 

 

Please if you have any question about Atorvastatin, you can contact us in comments and take our free recommendations.

 

 

How to Use Atorvastatin

Take the medicine as directed. Take this medicine at the same time each day.

Swallow the tablet whole. Do not break it. In case of forgetting take a dose as soon as remembering. If it is less than 12 hours until your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the next dose at the regular ti.me. Do not take 2 doses of this medicine within 12 hours.

 Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

 

Dosage of Atorvastatin

All of these dosages are for adults 

For Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: 10 mg or 20 mg orally once a day; an initial dose of 40 mg may be used in patients who require a reduction in low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) of more than 45%.10 mg to 80 mg orally once a day.

For Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia: 10 mg to 80 mg orally once a day

for Hyperlipidemia: Initial dose: 10 mg or 20 mg orally once a day; an initial dose of 40 mg may be used in patients who require a reduction in low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) of more than 45%. Maintenance dose: 10 mg to 80 mg orally once a day.

for Hypolipoproteinemia Type IIa (Elevated LDL): Initial dose: 10 mg or 20 mg orally once a day; an initial dose of 40 mg may be used in patients who require a reduction in low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) of more than 45%. Maintenance dose: 10 mg to 80 mg orally once a day.

 For Hyperlipoproteinemia Type IIb (Elevated LDL + VLDL): Initial dose: 10 mg or 20 mg orally once a day; an initial dose of 40 mg may be used in patients who require a reduction in low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) of more than 45%. Maintenance dose: 10 mg to 80 mg orally once a day.

For Hyperlipoproteinemia Type III (Elevated beta-VLDL + IDL): Initial dose: 10 mg or 20 mg orally once a day; an initial dose of 40 mg may be used in patients who require a reduction in low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) of more than 45%. Maintenance dose: 10 mg to 80 mg orally once a day.

For Hyperlipoproteinemia Type IV (Elevated VLDL): Initial dose: 10 mg or 20 mg orally once a day; an initial dose of 40 mg may be used in patients who require a reduction in low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) of more than 45%. Maintenance dose: 10 mg to 80 mg orally once a day.

For Hypertriglyceridemia; Initial dose: 10 mg or 20 mg orally once a day; an initial dose of 40 mg may be used in patients who require a reduction in low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) of more than 45%. Maintenance dose: 10 mg to 80 mg orally once a day

 For Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia: Initial dose: 10 mg or 20 mg orally once a day; an initial dose of 40 mg may be used in patients who require a reduction in low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) of more than 45%. Maintenance dose: 10 mg to 80 mg orally once a day.

For Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia: 10 to 17 years: 10 mg orally once a day. Maximum dose: 20 mg/day.

 

Atorvastatin

 

 

Atorvastatin may not be safe for those who:

Have or have ever had liver disease

Drink more than 2 alcoholic beverages daily, in ages of 65 years of or older, drinking alcohol while taking atorvastatin can raise triglyceride levels and may increase your risk of liver damage. Therefore, you should not drink alcohol while taking this drug.

Have or have ever had muscle aches or weakness; diabetes, seizures, low blood pressure, or thyroid or kidney disease.

a severe infection or illness

an electrolyte imbalance (such as high or low potassium levels in your blood);

Pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

Are breast-feeding uncontrolled seizures;

Have surgery, including dental surgery.

Have severely low blood pressure;

hospitalized due to serious injury or infection

 

Drugs that may interact with Atorvastatin:

Diltiazem (Cardizem, Cartia, Dilacor, Diltia, Diltzac, Taztia, Tiazac)

Gemfibrozil (Lopid), fenofibric acid (Fibricor, Trilipix), or fenofibrate (Antara, Fenoglide, Lipofen, Lofibra, Tricor, Triglide)

Telaprevir (Incivek)

Antibiotics such as clarithromycin (Biaxin) or erythromycin (E.E.S., EryPed, Ery-Tab, Erythrocin, Pediazole)

Antifungal medicines such as fluconazole (Diflucan), itraconazole (Sporanox), ketoconazole (Nizoral), or voriconazole (Vfend)

HIV medications such as darunavir (Prexista), fosamprenavir (Lexiva), ritonavir (Norvir), lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra), nelfinavir (Viracept), saquinavir (Invirase), or tipranavir (Aptivus)

Medicines that contain niacin (Advicor, Niaspan, Niacor, Simcor, Slo-Niacin, and others)

Drugs that weaken your immune system, such as steroids, cancer medicine, or medicines used to prevent organ transplant rejection, such as cyclosporine(Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune), sirolimus (Rapamune), or tacrolimus (Prograf)

Warfarin

Oral contraceptives

Antacids.

 

 

Please if you have any question about Atorvastatin, you can contact us in comments and take our free recommendations.

 

 

Side effects of Atorvastatin

Headache

hoarseness

lower back or side pain

pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones

painful or difficult urination

stuffy or runny nose Cough

difficulty with swallowing

dizziness

fast heartbeat

fever

hives

itching

muscle cramps, pain, stiffness, swelling, or weakness

puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue

skin rash

tightness in the chest

unusual tiredness or weakness

wheezing

Blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin

chills

dark-colored urine

diarrhea

joint pain

large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs

red skin lesions, often with a purple center sore

red, irritated eyes

sore throat

sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips

•    

Abdominal or stomach pain

back pain

belching or excessive gas

constipation

general feeling of discomfort or illness

heartburn, indigestion, or stomach discomfort

lack or loss of strength

loss of appetite

nausea

shivering

sweating

trouble sleeping

vomiting

Appetite increased

black, tarry stools

bloody nose

bloody or cloudy urine

blurred vision

continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears

difficult, burning, or painful urination

difficulty seeing at night

excessive muscle tone or tension

fruit-like breath odor

groin or scrotum pain

inability to have or keep an erection

increased body movements

increased sensitivity of the eyes to light

increased sensitivity to touch or pain

increased thirst

increased urination

loss of bladder control

loss of sexual ability, drive, or desire

menstrual bleeding occurring earlier or lasting longer than usual

mental depression

nervousness

nightmares

pale skin

paranoia

pinpoint red spots on the skin

slurred speech

swollen or tender lymph glands in the neck, armpit, or groin

unable to move or feel face

unusual bleeding or bruising

weight loss.

 

Atorvastatin

 

 

Atorvastatin Warning

Grapefruit and grapefruit juice interact with atorvastatin and cause potentially dangerous effects. Avoid drinking more than 1 liter of grapefruit juice while taking this medicine.

Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) signs are hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Get emergency medical help if you take Atorvastatin and face these signs.

Safety and efficacy have not been established in pre-pubertal patients or patients younger than 10 years.

 

 

Please if you have any question about Atorvastatin, you can contact us in comments and take our free recommendations.

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