What is Atenolol: Side Effects, Dosage and Warnings

What is Atenolol: Side Effects, Dosage and Warnings

What is Atenolol

Atenolol is used to treat angina (chest pain) and high blood pressure (high blood pressure).

Atenolol (Tenormin) is a beta-blocker that affects the heart and blood circulation (blood flow through the arteries and veins). It is a relatively polar hydrophilic compound with a water solubility of 26.5 mg/mL at 37°C and a log partition coefficient (octanol/water) of 0.23. It is freely soluble in 1N HCl (300 mg/mL at 25°C) and less soluble in chloroform (3 mg/mL at 25°C).

Atenolol is also used to reduce the risk of death after a heart attack.

Atenolol (free base) has a molecular weight of 266. TENORMIN is available as 25, 50 and 100 mg tablets for oral use.

 

 

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How to use Atenolol

If you need surgery, tell your surgeon before using atenolol. You may need to stop taking medication for a short time.

Before taking the full effect of atenolol, it may take up to 2 weeks. If your symptoms do not heal, take medication and tell your doctor.

If you have high blood pressure, use this medication even if you feel well. High blood pressure is often asymptomatic. You may need to use blood pressure medications for the rest of your life.

Blueberry juice and orange juice may prevent your body from absorbing Atenolol completely. It is advisable to avoid taking aphthyolol 4 hours after taking apple / orange juice unless your doctor or pharmacist tells you otherwise.

You should not stop taking atenolol suddenly. A sudden stop may make your situation worse.

Take this medicine with or without food according to your doctor's instructions, usually 1-2 times a day.

 

Atenolol Dosage

Angina Pectoris

The initial dose of TENORMIN is 50 mg per tablet per day. If the optimal response is not achieved within one week, the dose should be given to TENORMIN 100 mg as a pill. Some patients may need a dose of 200 mg once a day for the desired effect.

Blood pressure

The initial dose of TENORMIN is 50 mg, taken as a tablet per day alone or for diuretic treatment. The full effect of this dose is usually seen in one to two weeks. An increase in the dose of more than 100 mg per day is unlikely to have more benefits.

Adult daily intake for prevention of angina pectoris

Initial dose: 50 mg once daily

Increase the response to 100 mg once a day after a week if the response is not optimal

Maintenance dose: 50 to 200 mg once daily

Maximum dose: 200 mg per day

Adult daily intake for high blood pressure

Initial dose: 50 mg once daily

Maintenance dose: 50 to 100 mg once daily

Maximum dose: 100 mg per day

Adult daily intake for angina pectoris

Initial dose: 50 mg once daily

Increase the response to 100 mg once a day after a week if the response is not optimal

Maintenance dose: 50 to 200 mg once daily

Maximum dose: 200 mg per day

Usually adults for myocardial infarction

50 mg twice daily or 100 mg once daily

Usually Geriatric drug for high blood pressure

Initial dose: Considering the initial dose reduction to 25 mg once daily.

 

Symptoms of over dose

The most common symptoms have been reported during overdose with TENORMIN: Leukemia, wheezing, impaired breathing, temporary sinus, and bradycardia. In addition, common complications associated with the over dosage of any β-adrenergic blocking agent, as well as excessive use of TENORMIN, are expected to be congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, bronchoconstriction and / or hypoglycemia.

 

Atenolol

Please if you have any questions about Atenolol, you can contact us in comments and take our free recommendations.

 

 

Side Effects of Atenolol

 

Call your doctor at once if you have:

New or worsening chest pain;

Slow or uneven heartbeats;

A light-headed feeling, like you might pass out;

Shortness of breath (even with mild exertion), swelling, rapid weight gain; or

A cold feeling in your hands and feet.

Common atenolol side effects may include:

Dizziness;

Feeling tired; or

Depressed mood.

Dizziness, fatigue and nausea may occur. If any of these effects persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. It can reduce blood flow to the hands and feet and cause it to cool down. Smoking may make this effect worse. Warm dress and avoid smoking.

To reduce the risk of dizziness and dizziness, get up slowly when rising from sitting or lie.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur.

 

Drugs that may interact with Atenolol

Tell your doctor about all your current medications and start and stop everything, especially:

Digoxin, digital

Indomethacin;

Each other beta blocker, Bisoprolol, carvedilol, labetalol, metoprolol, nebivolol, propranolol, sotalol, timolol, and others; or

Heart or blood pressure medication--amiodarone, clonidine, diltiazem, disopyramide, nicardipine, nifedipine, reserpine, verapamil, and others.

Catecholamine discharges (eg, reserpine) may have an increased effect when they are exposed to beta-blockers. Therefore, patients with TENORMIN plus an anemia of catholamine should be strongly considered as evidence of a reduction in blood pressure and / or bradycardia that may cause dizziness, nasal obstruction or periodontal hypertension.

This is not a complete list.

 

For whom this drug might not be safe

You should not use atenolol if you are allergic or if you have:

A serious heart disease such as "AV block" (second or third degree);

Heart rate is very slow; or

Heart failure.

Tell your doctor if you are sure that atenolol is safe for you.

Congestive Heart Failure;

Coronary artery disease (hard arteries);

Asthma, bronchitis, emphysema;

Diabetes;

Thyroid too

Liver or kidney disease;

Pheochromocytoma (adrenal gland tumor);

Peripheral vascular diseases such as Raynaud's syndrome; or

Allergies (or if you are exposed to allergy treatments or skin tests).

 

Can you use Atenolol while pregnancy?

Atenolol can cause fetal development during pregnancy. Atenolol passes through the placental barrier and appears in the umbilical cord blood. Studies have not done on the use of atenolol in the first trimester and the possibility of a fetal injury cannot be prevented. Injection of atenolol, with the onset of the second trimester of pregnancy, is associated with the birth of infants who are small for gestational age. If the drug is used during pregnancy or if it is pregnant, the patient should be informed of the potential risk to the fetus.

 

 

Atenolol

 

Atenolol Warnings

Before using this drug, check with your doctor or pharmacist about your medical history, in particular: some types of heart rhythm problems (such as slow heartbeat, second or third grade etiometric block), Circulatory problems (such as Raynaud's disease, peripheral arterial disease), respiratory problems (such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema), kidney disease, severe allergic reactions, including those who need epinephrine treatment, a specific muscle disease (myasthenia gravis).

This medicine may cause you dizziness. Alcohol or marijuana causes dizziness. Do not drive, use machines, or do anything that you need to be alert to as long as you can safely do it. Limit alcohol drinks. Talk to your doctor if you use marijuana.

 

 

Please if you have any questions about Atenolol, you can contact us in comments and take our free recommendations.

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