Vancomycin: How to use, Side Effects, Dosage

Vancomycin: How to use, Side Effects, Dosage

What is Vancomycin?

Vancomycin belongs to the group of medications known as antibiotics. Vancomycin is an antibiotic used to treat infections. This form of vancomycin is used to treat a certain intestinal condition (colitis) caused by bacteria. This condition causes diarrhea and stomach/abdominal discomfort or pain. When vancomycin is taken by mouth, it stays in the intestines to stop the growth of certain bacteria that cause these symptoms. Antibiotics such as vancomycin injection will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections. Taking or using antibiotics when they are not needed increases your risk of getting an infection later that resists antibiotic treatment. Vancomycin injection is used to treat infections in many different parts of the body.

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How to use Vancomycin?

Vancomycin injection comes as a powder to be added to fluid and injected intravenously (into a vein). It is usually infused (injected slowly) over a period of at least 60 minutes once every 6 or 12 hours, but may be given every 8 hours in newborn babies. Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually every 6 to 8 hours. Shake the bottle well before each dose. Carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. In children, the dosage is also based on weight.

If you are also taking certain bile acid-binding cholesterol medication (such as cholestyramine, colestipol), take it at least 3 to 4 hours after taking vancomycin. Taking them together will make vancomycin work less well. Ask your pharmacistif you have questions.

Dosage of Vancomycin

The usual oral dose for adults is 125 mg to 500 mg taken every 6 to 8 hours for 7 to 10 days.

The usual intravenous, (into a vein), or IV dose for adults is 500 mg given every 6 hours or 1g given every 12 hours. For IV injections, the dose of this medication will be administered by your doctor or health care professional. The length of treatment with IV vancomycin depends on the severity of the infection and the response to the medication.

For children, the oral form (given by mouth) is based on body weight and is given in 3 or 4 daily doses for 7 to 10 days. The IV form of vancomycin, also based on body weight, is given every 6 hours. The total daily dose should not be greater than 2,000 mg.

Do not administer a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.

Before using vancomycin injection:

tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to vancomycin, any other medications, or any of the ingredients in vancomycin injection. Ask your pharmacist for a list of the ingredients.

tell your doctor if you have or have ever had hearing problems or kidney disease.

tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. If you become pregnant while using vancomycin injection, call your doctor.

if you are having surgery, including dental surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are receiving vancomycin injection.

Vancomycin

Please if you have any questions about Vancomycin, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

Side effects of Vancomycin

bitter taste

reddish rash on face and upper body (intravenously: red neck or red man syndrome, related to infusion rate)

low blood pressure accompanied by flushing

nausea

vomiting

chills

drug fever

back pain

headache

reversible low white cell count neutropenia

inflammation of a vein (phlebitis)

kidney damage

damage to inner ear (especially large doses)

Steven-Johnson syndrome

low platelet level (thrombocytopenia)

inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis)

wheezing

inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis)

wheezing

low blood pressure

shortness of breath

hives

itching

Storage of Vancomycin

Consult the product instructions and your pharmacist for storage details. Keep all medications away from children and pets.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Warnings of Vancomycin

You may receive vancomycin injection in a hospital or you may use the medication at home. If you are using vancomycin injection at home, use it at around the same time every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or other healthcare provider to explain any part you do not understand. Use vancomycin injection exactly as directed. Do not infuse it more quickly than directed. Do not use more or less of it or use it more often than prescribed by your doctor. You should begin feeling better during the first few days of your treatment with vancomycin injection. If your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse, call your doctor.

Use vancomycin injection until you finish the prescription, even if you feel better. If you stop using vancomycin injection too soon or skip doses, your infection may not be completely treated and the bacteria may become resistant to antibiotics. Vancomycin can cause hearing loss. People with a history of hearing loss should not take this medication if possible. If you experience any hearing loss, dizziness, or ringing ears while taking this medication, contact your doctor immediately. Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to use this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.

Drugs that may interact with Vancomycin

bacitracin

BCG vaccine live

cholera vaccine

thyphoid vaccine live

aminoglycoside antibiotics (e.g., tobramycin, gentamicin)

cisplatin

colestipol (oral dosage form of vancomycin only)

neuromuscular blocking agents (e.g., tubocurarine, pancuronium)

nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs; e.g., ibuprofen, naproxen)

sodium picosulfate

typhoid vaccine

Vancomycin has moderate interactions with at least 30 different drugs. Vancomycin has minor interactions with at least 55 different drugs.

Vancomycin while pregnancy

This medication should not be used during pregnancy unless the benefits outweigh the risks. During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed.    If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your doctor immediately. This medication passes into breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mother and are receiving IV vancomycin, it may affect your baby. Talk to your doctor about whether you should continue breast-feeding. However, because of the overall potential for adverse events, caution must be exercised when vancomycin is given to a nursing woman and a decision must be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into consideration the importance of the drug to the mother

REMEMBER

Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor may order certain lab tests to check your body's response to vancomycin injection.

It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.

Use this medication for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Skipping doses may also increase your risk of further infection that is resistant to antibiotics. Vancomycin will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

If you use this medication long-term, you may need frequent medical tests at your doctor's office.

Measure liquid medicine with the dosing syringe provided, or with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Patients older than 65 years of age may take longer to respond to therapy compared to patients aged 65 year or younger. Vancomycin treatment in patients aged older than 65 years subsequently should not be discontinued or switched to an alternative treatment prematurely.

Vancomycin

Please if you have any questions about Vancomycin, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

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