Nitrofurantoin: How to use, Side Effects, Dosage

Nitrofurantoin: How to use, Side Effects, Dosage

What is Nitrofurantoin?

Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body. This drug is an antibiotic that works by stopping the growth of bacteria. This will not work for viral infections (for example, colds and flu). Unnecessary or excessive use of any antibiotic can lead to a reduction in its efficacy. Nitrofurantoin is an antibacterial agent that is specifically for urinary tract infections. The Macrobid nitrofurantoin brand is a hard gelatin capsule shell containing 100 mg of nitrofurantoin in the form of 25 mg macrofuran Nitrofurantoin and 75 mg nitrofurantoin monohydrate.

This medicine is used to treat or prevent certain urinary tract infections.

Nitrofurantoin should not be used in children below the age of one month due to the risk of certain bleeding (hemolytic anemia). Nitrofurantoin is used to treat urinary tract infections.

Nitrofurantoin may also be used for the purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Please if you have any questions about Nitrofurantoin, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

How to use Nitrofurantoin?

Take the medicine in your mouth, with milk or food according to your doctor's instructions. This medicine is usually taken four times daily to treat infection or once a day during sleep to prevent infection. Giving cholesterol. Do not use anti-oxidants containing methyl terlilat when taking this medicine. Anti-methyl-methyl-trisilicate-containing compounds are linked to nitrofurantoin and prevent full absorption.

For best results, put this antibiotic over a suitable time interval. To help you remember, take it at the same time (s) every day.

When taking this medicine to prevent infection, do it exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not miss your doses or take it without your doctor's approval. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of a urinary tract infection (for example, pain while you urinate).

Dosage of Nitrofurantoin

The dose and duration depend on your medical situation and the response to treatment. For children, the dose is also based on body weight.

For best results, put this antibiotic in a perfect interval. Remember to take each day to help with this drug. Adult dose for cystitis:

Regular: 50 to 100 mg orally 4 times a day for 1 week or at least 3 days after sterilizing the urine.

Dual Freedom: 100 mg twice daily for 7 days

Adult dose for toxicity:

Regular distribution: 50 to 100 mg once a day when you sleep

Normal dose for cystitis:

Ordinary version:

1 month or more: 5 to 7 mg / kg / day (up to 400 mg / day) orally divided into 4 doses

Liberty Two:

Over 12 years: 100 mg twice daily for 7 days

Symptoms of over dose 

Occasional events due to excessive consumption of acute nitrofurantoin, do not cause any symptoms other than vomiting. Induction of inflammation is recommended. There is no specific antidiabetic, but high fluid intake should be maintained to increase urinary excretion. Nitrofurantoin is dialyzed.


Please if you have any questions about Nitrofurantoin, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

Side effects of Nitrofurantoin

Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite or headache may occur. Take this medicine with food to help reduce nausea. If any of these effects persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

This medication may cause your urine to be yellowish or dark brown. This effect is harmless and will disappear when the drug stops.

Remember that your doctor prescribed this medication because he has judged your benefits are greater than the risk of side effects. Many people with this drug do not have serious side effects.

In the event that:

Diarrhea or bloody

Sudden chest pain or discomfort, wheezing, dry cough or hacking;

New cough or worsening, breathing difficulty;

Fever, chills, body pain, fatigue, unknown weight loss;

Burning, tingling or pain in the hands or feet;

Hepatobiliary disorders - Nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, feeling tired, loss of appetite, dark urine, rash, jaundice (yellowish skin or eyes); or

Lupus Syndrome - Joint pain or swelling with fever, swollen glands, muscle aches, chest pain, vomiting, unusual thoughts or behavior, and skin color.

Severe side effects may be severe in the elderly and in patients or patients.

Common side effects of nitrofurantoin may include:

Headache, dizziness;

Gas, stomach upset;

Mild diarrhea; or

Vaginal itching or drainage

This list is not the full list of side effects and others may occur.

Drugs that may interact with Nitrofurantoin

Before using this drug, tell your doctor or pharmacist about all the prescription and non-prescriptive / herbal medicines that may be used, in particular sulfinpyrazone.

Other medications may interact with nitrofurantoin, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins and herbal products.

Although most antibiotics affect hormonal birth control, such as pills, patches or rings, some antibiotics (such as rifampin, rifabutin) can reduce their effectiveness. This can lead to pregnancy. If you use hormonal birth control, ask your doctor or pharmacist for details.

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For whom Nitrofurantoin might not be safe

Nitrofurantoin usually shows up to 3 days after laboratory testing that the infection has been cleared. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to nitrofurantoin before taking nitrofurantoin, or if you have an allergy. This product may contain inactive material that can cause allergic reactions and other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more information.

If you have special medical conditions, this medicine should not be used. Before you use this medication if you have: urinary output (oliguria or aneurysm), severe renal disease, certain genetic conditions (glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency), urinary deficit (or oliguria or anorexia), history of liver problems Use nitrofurantoin in the past. You should not take nitrofurantoin if you are allergic or if you have:

Severe kidney disease

History of yellowing or liver problems caused by nitrofurantoin;

If the urine is less than normal or not

If you are 2 to 4 weeks pregnant.

If you have a pregnancy within the last 2 or 4 weeks, do not take nitrofurantoin.

Tell your doctor if you are sure that nitrofurantoin is safe for you.

kidney disease;


Electrolyte imbalance or vitamin B deficiency;


Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency; or

Any disabling disease

FDA Category B. Pregnancy This drug is not expected for infant births caused by pregnancy during pregnancy. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or if you get pregnant during treatment.

Warnings of Nitrofurantoin

Nitrofurantoin may not use live bacterial vaccines (such as typhoid vaccines). Do not vaccinate / vaccinate while using this medicine unless your doctor tells you.

Kidney function decreases when you grow. This medicine is removed by the kidneys. Therefore, when taking this drug, especially the nerve, liver, or lung problems, the elderly may be at increased risk for side effects.

Please if you have any questions about Nitrofurantoin, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

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