Gammagard: How to use, Side Effects, Dosage

Gammagard: How to use, Side Effects, Dosage

What is Gammagard?

GAMMAGARD S / D, Globulin Immune Globulin Intravenous (Human) [IGIV] A solvent / detergent drug is sterilized and free of charge and has been extracted from highly purified human immunoglobulin G (IgG) from large human plasma pools. This product is produced by the Cohn-Oncley cold ethanol decomposition process, followed by ultrafiltration and ion exchange chromatography. It is used in people with a specific type of immune system (immune deficiency) to strengthen it and reduce the risk of infection. It is made of human blood, which has a high level of antibodies that helps fight infections.

This product is also used to increase the number of specific blood cells (platelets) in people with specific blood disorders (aeropathic thrombocytopenic plutonium (ITP)). Platelet is used to prevent bleeding and to create normal blood clots.

In addition, it is used to treat a specific neuropathic disorder (chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP)). This disorder causes weakness and numbness / needle / pain in the hands and feet. It helps to improve these symptoms and prevents recurrence. Insulin globulin is used to prevent or treat diseases that have a weak immune system in your body. The immune globulin contains antibodies that will make your immune system stronger. It is used in patients with primary humoral scarring (PI), thorobarbitocyanopytic thrombocytopenia (ILP) purpura, chronic thrombocytopenic purpura or chronic pulenopathic inflammation (CIDP). It is also used to improve muscle strength and disability in patients with multicentric motor neuropathy (MMN). Immunologic insulin infusion belongs to a group of known drugs as immunization agents.

This medicine is prescribed only under the supervision of your doctor.

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How to use Gammagard?

This medicine is usually given by a health care professional by injection into a vein. The dosage is based on the medical circumstance, weight and response to treatment.

If you have a primary immune deficiency and respond well to this medication, your doctor may allow you to take this treatment at home. In this case, do this medicine by intradermal injection under your doctor's instructions, usually once a week.

Dosage of Gammagard

Before using at home, learn all the instructions on how to prepare and use this medicine and injection pump from your patient information booklet and your health care professional. Before taking the infusion, the medications reach the room temperature. Do not shake the vial. Before using, change the product visually for particles or change the color. If it is already present, do not use liquid. Clear the injection solution with alcohol. Change location (s) each time to reduce damage under the skin. Learn how to safely store and bypass drugs. If you have questions, ask your health care professional.

It is important that you take this medication regularly to get the most advantages from it. Calendar may help you remember. Hold all your medical and laboratory hours.

For immunocompromised patients, doses usually range from 300 to 600 mg / kg at intervals of 3 to 4 weeks. As there is a significant difference in the half-life of IgG among patients with early immunosuppression, and the degree of immunoglobulin treatment may vary from patient to patient. The appropriate amount can be determined by examining the clinical response. The minimum concentration of IgG needed for protection between patients is different and is not controlled in clinical trials.

Symptoms of over dose 

If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call an ambulance quickly.

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Side effects of Gammagard

Check with your doctor or nurse quickly if any of the following side effects occur:

More common side effects are:

  • Back pain
  • black, tarry stools
  • blurred vision
  • chest pain
  • chills
  • cough
  • dark urine
  • decreased urination
  • diarrhea
  • dizziness
  • fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
  • fever
  • general feeling of discomfort or illness
  • headache
  • joint pain
  • loss of appetite
  • muscle aches and pains
  • nausea
  • nervousness
  • noisy breathing
  • pain in the arms or legs
  • painful or difficult urination
  • pounding in the ears
  • rash
  • runny nose
  • shivering
  • slow or fast heartbeat
  • sore throat
  • sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
  • stomach pain
  • sweating
  • swollen glands
  • tightness in the chest
  • trouble sleeping
  • troubled breathing
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • vomiting
  • yellow eyes or skin
  • Less common side effects are:
  • Bluish coloring of the lips or nail beds
  • burning sensation in the head
  • faintness or lightheadedness
  • Rare
  • Difficulty with swallowing
  • hives or welts
  • itching, especially of the feet or hands
  • reddening of the skin, especially around the ears
  • swelling of the eyes, face, or inside of the nose
  • Incidence not known
  • Back, leg, or stomach pains
  • blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
  • blood in the urine
  • change in vision
  • changes in blood pressure
  • changes in urination
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • cold, clammy, or pale skin
  • confusion
  • decreased frequency or amount of urine
  • difficult or labored breathing
  • difficulty seeing at night
  • dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  • feeling of warmth
  • headache that is severe and occurs suddenly
  • increased sensitivity of the eyes to sunlight
  • increased thirst
  • light-colored stools
  • loss of appetite
  • loss of consciousness
  • low blood pressure or pulse
  • lower back or side pain
  • muscle spasm or jerking of all extremities
  • pains in the chest, groin, or legs, especially calves of the legs
  • redness of the face, neck, arms and occasionally, upper chest
  • seizures
  • shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
  • skin blisters
  • slow breathing
  • slurred speech that occurs suddenly
  • sudden, severe weakness or numbness in the arm or leg
  • sweating
  • swelling in the legs and ankles
  • swelling of the face, fingers, or lower legs
  • weight gain

Drugs that may interact with Gammagard

This medication may interact with specified laboratory tests (including blood type), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this medication.

For whom Gammagard might not be safe

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to this drug, or if you are allergic to other products of globulin, or if you have an allergy. This product may contain inactive material that can cause allergic reactions and other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more information.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially in cases of: blood clotting problems, immunoglobulin A deficiency, kidney disease.


Appropriate studies to date have not shown specific children's problems that limit the usefulness of immunoglobulin injections in children. Some products are used only in children aged 2, 3 or 15 years and older, and other products are not approved for use by children. Immunosuppressive Immunoglobulin is used to treat primary immunological impairment (PI), thrombocytopenic, idiopathic priority (ITP) and chronic thrombocytopenic purpura in children. Safety and efficacy have not been established for use in chronic polyneuropathy demyelinating chronic inflammation (CIDP) or multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN).

Warnings of Gammagard

Ask your health care professional how to avoid taking medications that you should use. Keep out of reach of children.

Do not keep this drug and other medications that do not need to be consumed.

Please if you have any questions about Gammagard, you can ask us by commenting below this text, we'll answer you as soon as possible.

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